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1. by + doing 通过……方式 如:by studying with a group
  by 还可以表示:“在…旁”、“靠近”、“在…期间”、“用、”“经过”、“乘车”等
  如:I live by the river.                       I have to go back by ten o’clock.
   The thief entered the room by the window.        The student went to park by bus.
2. talk about 谈论,议论,讨论 
如:The students often talk about movie after class. 学生们常常在课后讨论电影。
talk to sb. === talk with sb. 与某人说话
3. 提建议的句子:
①What/ how about +doing sth.? 
如:What/ How about going shopping?
   ②Why don’t you + do sth.? 如:Why don’t you go shopping?
   ③Why not + do sth. ?      如:Why not go shopping?      
   ④Let’s + do sth.           如: Let’s go shopping
   ⑤Shall we/ I + do sth.?     如:Shall we/ I go shopping?
4. a lot 许多  常用于句末 如:I eat a lot. 我吃了许多。
5. too…to 太…而不能  常用的句型 too+adj./adv. + to do sth.
如:I’m too tired to say anything. 我太累了,什么都不想说。
6. aloud, loud与loudly的用法
形式。如: He read the story aloud to his son.
②loud可作形容词或副词。用作副词时,常与speak, talk,
She told us to speak a little louder. 她让我们说大声一点。
含有令人讨厌或打扰别人的意思,可位于动词之前或之后。如:  He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public. 他不当众大声谈笑。
7. not …at all 一点也不  根本不  如:
    I like milk very much. I don’t like coffee at all.
  not经常可以和助动词结合在一起,at all 则放在句尾
8.    be / get excited about sth.
=== be / get excited about doing sth.  
=== be excited to do sth. 对…感兴奋 如:
   I am / get excited about going to Beijing.===
   I am excited to go to Beijing. 我对去北京感到兴奋。
9. ① end up doing sth    终止做某事,结束做某事  如:
    The party ended up singing. 晚会以唱歌而结束。
  ② end up with sth.    以…结束 如:
    The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。
10.   first of all 首先
.    to begin with 一开始
     later on 后来、随
11.  also 也、而且(用于肯定句)常在句子的中间
    either 也(用于否定句)常在句末
    too  也 (用于肯定句)   常在句末
12. make mistakes 犯错 如:I often make mistakes. 我经常犯错。
make a mistake 犯一个错误 如: I have made a mistake. 我已经犯了一个错误。
13. laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑(某人) 如:Don’t laugh at me!不要取笑我!
14. take notes 做笔记,做记录
15. enjoy doing sth . 喜欢做…乐意做… She enjoys playing football.她喜欢踢足球。
   enjoy oneself  过得愉快 如:He enjoyed himself. 他过得愉快。
16. native speaker 说本族语的人
17. make up 组成、构成
18. one of +(the+ 形容词比较级)+名词复数形式  …其中之一
    如: She is one of the most popular teachers. 她是最受欢迎的教师之一。
19. It’s +形容词+(for sb. ) to do sth. (对于某人来说)做某事…
   如:It’s difficult (for me ) to study English.  对于我来说学习英语太难了。
    句中的it 是形式主语,真正的主语是to study English
20. practice doing 练习做某事   如:
     She often practice speaking English. 她经常练习说英语。
21. decide to do sth. 决定做某事 如:
     LiLei has decided to go to BeiJing . 李雷已经决定去北京。
22. unless 假如不,除非 引导条件状语从句
 如:You will fail unless you work hard..假如你不努力你会失败。
     I won’t write unless he writes first. 除非他先写要不我不写
23. deal with 处理 如:I dealt with a lot of problem.
24. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/ 某事
   如:Mother worried about his son just now. 妈妈刚才担心他的儿子。
25. be angry with sb. 对某人生气 如:I was angry with her. 我对她生气。
26. perhaps === maybe 也许
27. go by (时间) 过去 如: Two years went by. 两年过去了。
28.  see sb. / sth. doing 看见某人正在做某事 强调正在发生
see sb. / sth. do    看见某人在做某事 如:
   如: She saw him drawing a picture in the classroom.她看见他正在教室里画画。
29. each other 彼此
30. regard… as … 把…看作为….  如:
 The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 这些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜。
31.  too many 许多 修饰可数名词 如:too many girls
too much 许多 修饰不可数名词 如:too much milk
    much too 太  修饰形容词   如:much too beautiful
32. change… into… 将…变为… 
如:The magician changed the pen into a book. 这个魔术师将这本书变为一本书。
33. with the help of sb. == with one’s help 在某人的帮助下
   如:with the help of LiLei == with LiLei’s help 在李雷的帮助下
34. compare … to … 把…与…相比 
如:Compare you to Anna, you are lucky.你和安娜相比,你是幸运的。
35.  instead 代替 用在句末,副词(字面上常不译出来)
    instead of sth. / doing sth. 代替,而不是 用在句中,动词
  如:Last summer I went to Beijing. This year I’m going to Shanghai instead.
去年夏天我去北京, 今年我将要去上海。
    I will go instead of you. 我将代替你去。
    He stayed at home instead of going swimming. 他呆在家里而不是去游泳。
1. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事
 否定形式: didn’t use to do sth. / used not to do sth.
如:He used to play football after school. 放学后他过去常常踢足球。
     Did he use to play football? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t.
     He didn’t use to smoke. 他过去不吸烟。
2. 反意疑问句
   ①肯定陈述句+否定提问 如:Lily is a student, isn’t she?
                             Lily will go to China, won’t she?
   ②否定陈述句+肯定提问  如:
She doesn’t come from China, does she?
You haven’t finished homework, have you?
  ③提问部分用代词而不用名词 Lily is a student, isn’t she?
  ④陈述句中含有否定意义的词,如:little, few, never, nothing, hardly等。其反意疑问句用肯定式。 如:
  He knows little English, does he? 他一点也不懂英语,不是吗?
They hardly understood it, did they?他们几乎不明白,不是吗?
3. play the piano 弹钢琴
4.  ①be interested in sth. 对…感兴趣
②be interested in doing sth. 对做…感兴趣
   如:He is interested in math, but he isn’t interested in speaking
    English. 他对数学感兴趣,但是他对说英语不感兴趣。
5. interested adj. 感兴趣的,指人对某事物感兴趣,往往主语是人
  interesting adj.有趣的,指某事物/某人具有趣味,主语往往是物
6. still 仍然,还 
  用在be 动词的后面 如:I’m still a student.
    用在行为动词的前面 如:I still love him.
7. the dark 天黑,晚上,黑暗
8. 害怕…  be terrified of sth.  如:I am terrified of the dog.
           be terrified of doing sth. 如:I am terrified of speaking.
9. on 副词,表示(电灯、电视、机械等)在运转中/打开,
其反义词off.  with the light on 灯开着
10. walk to somewhere 步行到某处  walk to school 步行到学校
11. spend 动词,表示“花费金钱、时间”
    ①spend…on sth. 在某事上花费(金钱、时间)
    ②spend…doing sth. 花费(金钱、时间)去做某事 如:
He spends too much time on clothes. 他花费太多的时间在衣着
He spend 3 months building the bridge.他花费了三个月去建这座桥。
   Pay for 花费
如:I pay 10 yuan for the book. 我花了10元买这本书。
12. take   动词 有“花费”的意思 常用的结构有:
  take sb.        … to do sth. 如:It takes me a day to read the book.
take … to do sth.
13. chat with sb. 与某人闲聊 如:I like to chat with him. 我喜欢和他聊天。
14. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/某事 worry 是动词
  be worried about sb./sth. 担心某人/某事 worried 是形容词 
如:Don’t worry about him. 不用担心他。
  Mother is worried about her son. 妈妈担心他的儿子。
15. all the time 一直、始终
16. take sb. to + 地方 送/带某人去某个地方 如:
  A person took him to the hospital. 一个人把他送到了医院。
    Lui took me home. 刘把我送回了家。(home 的前面不能用to)
17.  hardly  adv. 几乎不、没有
     hardly ever  很少 
   hardly 修饰动词时,通常放在助动词、情态动词之后,实义
动词之前 助动词/情态动词+hardly
          hardly + 实义动词  如:
  I can hardly understand them. 我几乎不能够明白他们。
  I hardly have time to do it. 我几乎没有时间去做了。
18. miss  v.  思念、想念、 错过
19. in the last few years. 在过去的几年内 常与完成时连用 如:
    I have lived in China in the last few years. 在过去的几年内我在中国住。
20. be different from 与…不同 
21. how to swim 怎样游泳 
  不定式与疑问词连用:动词不定式可以和what, which, how, where, when 等引导的疑问句连用,构成不定工短语。如:
     The question is when to start. 问题是什么时候开始。
     I don’t know where to go. 我不知道去哪。
22.  make sb./ sth. + 形容词  make you happy
    make sb./ sth. + 动词原形  make him laugh
23. move to +地方 搬到某地 如:I moved to Beijing last year.
24. it seems that +从句 看起来好像…… 如:
  It seems that he has changed a lot. 看起来他好像变了许多。
25.  help sb. with sth. 帮某人某事 
help sb. (to ) do sth. 帮某人做某事 
She helped me with English. 她帮助我学英语。
She helped me (to) study English。 她帮助我学习英语。
26. fifteen-year-old 作形容词 15岁的 
   fifteen-year-olds 作名词指15岁的人
  fifteen years old 指年龄 15岁 如:
a fifteen-year-old boy 一个15岁的男孩
Fifteen-year-olds like to sing. 15岁的人喜欢唱歌。
I am fifteen years old . 我是15岁。
27.支付不起…  can’t /couldn’t afford to do sth.
          can’t / couldn’t afford sth.
   如:I can’t/couldn’t afford to buy the car.
       I can’t/couldn’t afford the car.  我买不起这个辆小车。
28. as + 形容词./副词+as sb. could/can 尽某人的…能力 如:
    Zhou run as fast as her could/can. 她尽她最快的能力去跑。
29. get into trouble with 遇到麻烦 
30. in the end 最后
31. make a decision 下决定 下决心 
32. to one’s surprise 令某人惊讶 如:
to their surprise 令他们惊讶 to LiLei’s surprise令李雷惊讶
33. take pride in sth. 以…而自豪 如:
   His father always take pride in him. 他的爸爸总是以他而自豪
34. pay attention to sth. 对…注意,留心 如:
  You must pay attention to your friend. 你应该多注意你的朋友。
35. be able to do sth. 能做某事 如:She is able to do it. 她能够做到。
36. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 如:
   My father has given up smoking. 我爸爸已经放弃吸烟了。
37.不再  ①no more == no longer 如: I play tennis no more/ longer.我不再打网球。
     ②not …any more == not …any longer 如:
           I don’t play tennis any more/longer. 我不再打网球。
38. go to sleep 入睡
   Cats  eat  fish.    (主动语态)猫吃鱼。

   Fish  is eaten  by cats. (被动语态)鱼被猫吃。
  由“助动词be +及物动词的过去分词”构成
  助动词be 有人称、数和时态的变化,其变化规则与be 作为连系动词时完全一样。
时态 被动语态结构 例句
一般现在  时 am
are +过去分词
is  English is spoken in many countries.
一般过去  时 was +过去分词
were + 过去分词 This bridge was built in 1989.
情 态
动 词 can/should
may  +be+过去分词
must/…… The work must be done right now.
2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事(主动语态)如:
  Mother allows me to watch TV every night. 妈妈允许我每晚看电视。
 be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事(被动语态)如:
  LiLy is allowed to go to Qinzhou. 莉莉被允许去钦州。
3. get their ears pierced 穿耳洞
 让/使(别人)做某事  get sth. done(过去分词)
             have sth. done        如:
 I get my car made. == I have my car made. 我让别人修好我的车
4. enough 足够 
 形容词+enough  如:beautiful enough 足够漂亮
  enough+名词 如:enough food 足够食物
  enough  to  足够…去做… 如:
   I have enough money to go to Beijing. 我有足够的钱去北京。
      She is old enough to go to school.她够大去读书了。
5.  stop doing sth. 停止做某事 Please stop speaking.请停止说话。
stop to do sth. 停止下来去做某事 Please stop to speak.
6. 看起来好像…sb. seem to do sth. He seems to feel very sad.
it seems that +从句It seems that he feels very sad. 他看起来好像很伤心。
   7. 系动词不能独立作谓语,要和表语一起构成谓语。常用的连系动词有:look, feel, be, become, get, turn, smell, taste, stay(保持), kept等。连系动词除be 和become 等少数词可接名词作表语外,一般都是接形容词。 如:
  They are very happy.    He became a doctor two years ago.
She felt very tired.
8. 倒装句:
由so+助动词(be/do/will/have)/情态动词+主语 意为:…也是一样
  She is a student. So am I. 她是一个学生,我也是。
    She went to school just now. So did I . 她刚才去学校了,我也是
    She has finished the work. So have I . 她已经完成了工作,我也完成了。
    She will go to school. So will he. 她将去学校,他也是。
9. yet 仍然,还 常用在否定句或疑问句当中
10. stay up 熬夜如:I often stay up until 12:00pm.我经常熬夜到12点。
11. clean up 打扫 整理 如:
  I have cleaned up the bedroom. 我已经打扫完了卧室。
12. 程度副词:
always总是 usually经常 sometimes有时 never从不
如:I am always/usually/sometimes/never late for school.
13. 曾经做某事: 
  Do you ever get to school late? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.
    Have you ever got to school late? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t.
14. go shopping(去购物), go fishing(去钓鱼), go swimming(去游泳), go boating(去划船), go hiking(去登山), go trekking(去徒步)
15. be strict with sb. 对某人严厉 如:
   Mother is strict with her son. 妈妈对她的儿子很严厉。
16.  take the test 参加考试
pass the test 通过考试
fail a test  考试失败
17. the other day 前几天
18. agree 同意 反义词 disagree不同意 动词
   agreement 同意 反义词 disagreement 不同意 名词
18. keep sb/ sth. +形容词 使某人/某物保持…. 如:
  We should keep our city clean.我们应该保持我们的城市干净。
19. both…and… +动词复数形式
如: Both Jim and Li Ming play  bastketball.
20. learn (sth.) from sb.  向谁学习(什么) 如:
 Jim learnt English from his English teacher. 吉姆向他的英语老师学习英语
21. have an opportunity to do sth. 有机会做某事
   have a chance of doing sth. 有机会做某事
   如:I have an opportunity to go to Beijing.  I have a chance of going to Beijing.
22. at present 目前
23. at least 最少  at most 最多
24. 花费 take ,cost, spend , pay
    sth. take (sb.) time to do sth.  It took (me) 10days to read the book.
    sth. cost (sb.) ……        The book cost (me) 100yuan.
    sb. spend … on sth.        She spent 10days on this book.
    sb. spend …doing sth.      She spent 10days reading this book.
    sb. pay … for sth.          She paid 10yuan for this book.
25. have +时间段+off    放假,休息 如:have 2 days off
26. reply to 答复某人 如:She replayed to MrGreen.
27. agree with sth. 同意某事      如:I agree with that idea.
   agree to sb.  同意某人的意见  如:I agree to LiLei.
28. get in the way of 碍事,妨碍 如:
Her social life got in the way of her studies. 她的社会生活妨碍了她的学习。
29. success  n.  succeed  v.  successful  adj.  successfully  adv.
30. think about 与think of 的区别 
   ①当两者译为: 认为、想起、记着时,两者可互用
     I often think about/ of that day. 我经常想起那天。
   ②think about 还有“考虑”之意 ,think of   想到、想出时两者不能互用
    At last, he thought of a good idea. 最后他想出了一个好主意。
    We are thinking about going Qinzhou. 我们正在考虑去钦州。
31. 对… 热衷, 对…兴趣
be serious about doing 如:She is serious about dancing. 她对跳舞热衷。
be serious about sth. 如:She is serious about him. 她对他感兴趣。
32. practice doing 练习做某事
   She often practice speaking English.
33. care about sb. 关心某人 如:Mother often care about her son.
34. also  也   用于句中
   either也   用于否定句且用于句末
   too   也  用于肯定句且用于句末
   I am also a student. 我也是一个学生
   I am a student too. 我也是一个学生。
I am not a student either. 我也不是一个学生。
1. if 引导的非真实性条件状语从句      即 虚拟语气
       If 引导的条件状语从句分为真实和非真实条件句,非真实条件
句    型 条件从句 主   句
谓语动词形式 动词过去式(be动词用were) would+动词原形
  即:(从句)if +主语+动词过去式(be 动词用were),     一般过去时
(主句) 主语+would+动词原形         过去将来时
 如:If I had time, I would go for a walk.
     If I were you, I would take an umbrella.
I would say no if someone asked me to be in a movie. 假如有人请我当电影演员,我会表示拒绝。(事实上瑞没有人请我当电影演员)
2. pretend to do sth. 假装做某事  I pretended to sleep just now.
  pretend +从句 假装…   I pretended that I fell asleep.
3. be late for  迟到 如:
  I am late for work/ school/ class/ party.
4. a few 与 a little 的区别,few 与 little 的区别
   ⑴ a few 一些    修饰可数名词        
      a little 一些     修饰不可数名词      两者表肯定意义
       如:He has a few friends.  他有一些朋友。  
      There is a little sugar in the bottle. 在瓶子里有一些糖。
  ⑵ few  少数的  修饰可数名词        
      little 少数的 修饰不可数名词  但两者表否定意义
      如:He has few friends.  他没有几个朋友。 
        There is little sugar in the bottle.在瓶子里没有多少糖。
5. still 仍然,还  用在be动词之后,行为动词之前 如:
  I am still a student.我仍然是个学生  I still love him.我仍然爱他。
6. hundred, thousand , million, billion (十亿)词前面有数词或several
一词时要不能加s ,反之,则要加s 并与of 连用, 表示数量很
多 如:several hundred/ thousand/ million/ billion people       
几百/千/百万/十亿人   hundreds of trees  上百棵树
7. what if + 从句   如果…怎么办 , 要是… 又怎么样 如:
  What if she doesn’t come? 要是她不来怎么办?
  What if LiLei knows?  如果李雷知道了怎么办?
8. add sth. to sth. 添加…到…   如:
  I added some sugar to water. 我把糖添加到水里。
9. 系动词与形容词连用    get nervous 变得紧张
  feel shy  觉得害羞     look friendly 看起来友好
10. too +形/副+to do sth. 太…而不能 如:
   I’m too tired to stand. 我太累了而不能站。
11. help with sth. 如:They help with this problem.
   help sb. do.  如:They help you relax. 他们帮助你放松
12. in public 在公共场所 如:
Don’t smoke in public. 请不要在公共场所吸烟。
13. energetic adj. 活力的
如:She is a energetic girl. 她是一个活力的女孩。
   energy n. 活力 如:She has lots of energies. 她有活力。
14.  ask sb. to do 叫…做某事
    ask sb. not to do sth.叫…不要做某事
     tell sb. to do 告诉…做某事 
tell sb. not to do sth. 告诉…不要做某事
如:Teacher asked me to clean the classroom.
    Teacher asked me not to clean the classroom.
15. start doing == start to do. 开始做某事 如:
   He started speaking/ to speak. 他开始说话。
16. borrow sth. from sb. 从某人那里借来某物 如:
   I borrowed a book from Lily. 我从莉莉那里借来一本书。
17.wait for sb.等某人 如:I am wait for him. 我正在等他。
18. introduce sb. to sb. 把某人介绍给某人 如:
    I introduced Lily to Anna. 我把莉莉介绍给安娜。
19. invite sb. to do 邀请某人做某事 如:
    Lily invited me to go to her home for supper. 莉莉邀请我去她家吃晚饭。
20. have dinner/ supper   吃晚饭
have lunch/ breakfast  吃午餐、吃早餐
21. plenty of 修饰不可数名词,也可以修饰可数名词 许多  如:
   They have plenty of food/ apples. 他们有许多的食物/苹果。
22. 给某人某物  give sth. to sb. 如: give an apple to me
                give sb. sth.      give me an apple 给我一个苹果
23. get along with sb. 与…相处 如:
 Do you get along well with your friends? 你和你的朋友相处得好吗?
24. would rather do sth. than do sth. 表示愿做某事而不愿做某事 如:
   I would rather walk than run.
25. whole 整个       26. in fact 事实上
27. let sb. down 让某人失望 如:
   Don’t let your mother down. 不要让你的妈妈失望。
28. come up with sth. 提出 想出 如:
      He came up with a good idea. 他提出了一个好主意。
   catch up with sb.  追上 赶上 如:
      Lily caught up with Anna. 莉莉赶上了安娜。
29. have experience doing 在做某事有经验 如:
   I have experience teaching Chinese. 我在教英语方面有经验。
30. come out 出版,出来 如:
   The magazine comes out once a week. 这种杂志每周出版一次。
31. by accident 偶然地,无意之中 如:Last week I cut my finger by accident. 上个星期我不小心割到自己的手指。
32. hurry to do 匆忙…   I hurry to call the police.
33. more than 超过
34. offer sb. sth. 给某人提供某物
宾语从句     宾语从句在复合句中作主句的宾语。
  ①由连接词+ 主语+ 谓语 构成
  ②由that 引导  表示陈述意义 that 可省略
     He says (that) he is at home. 他说他在家里。
  ③由if , whether 引导 表示 一般疑问意义(带有是否、已否、对否等)
      I don’t know if / whether Wei Hua likes fish.
  ④由 连接代词、连接副词(疑问词) 引导 表示特殊疑问意义
      Do you know what he wants to buy?  你知道他想要买什么吗?
    He says (that ) he is at home. 他说他在家里。
    I don’t know (that) she is singing now. 我不知道她正在唱歌。
    She wants to know if I have finished my homework.
    Do you know when he will be back? 你知道他将会什么时候回来?
    He said (that) he was at home. 他说他在家里。
    I didn’t know that she was singing now. 我不知道她正在唱歌。
She wanted to know if I had finished m homework.
Did you know when he would be back? 你知道他将会什么时候回来?
⑴由have/ has + 过去分词
常与already, just , yet , ever, never 连用
Have you finished your work yet?你完成了你的工作了吗?
Yes, I have. I have just finished it. 是的。我刚刚完成了。
I have already finished it . 我已经完成了。
Have you ever been to China? 你曾经去过中国吗?
No, I have never been there. 没有,我从来也没有去过。
⑶①表示过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作 或状态和表示过去某一时刻延续到现在(包括现在在内)的一段时间的状态连用如:(for + 时间段,since + 时间点,或过去某一动作, 以及how long )
②注: 非延续性动词在现在完成 时态中不能和for, since 引导的表示一段时间的状语的肯定句连用。
应转为相应的延续性动词 如:
buy---- have    die---- be dead   join ---- be in  
borrow----- keep   leave---- be away  
I have bought a pen.------ I have had a pen for 2 weeks.
The dog has died.------- The dog has been dead since last week.
⑷①have (has) been to + 地点    去过某地 已经回来
②have (has) gone to + 地点    去了某地 没有回来
③have been in + 地点       一直呆在某地 没有离开过  如:
She has been to Shanghai. 她去过上海。(已经回来)
She has gone to Shanghai. 她去了上海。(没有回来)
She has been in Shanghai for 2 days.她呆上海两天了。(没有离开过上海)
1.情态动词must, may , might, could, may , can’t表示推测含义与用法后面都接动词原形,都可以表示对现在情况的揣测和推断但他们
    must 一定 肯定 (100%的可能性)
    may, might, could有可能,也许   (20%-80%的可能性)
   can’t 不可能,不会     (可能性几乎为零)
  The dictionary must be mine. It has my name on it.
   The CD might/could/may belong to Tony because
he likes listening to pop music.
   The hair band can’t be Bob’s. After all, he is boy!
2. whose 谁的 疑问词 作定语 后面接名词
如:Whose book is this? This is Lily’s.
3. belong to 属于 如:
   That English book belongs to me.
4.  当play 指弹奏乐器时,常在乐器前用定冠词 如:
  play the guitar  play the piano  play the violin
当play 指进行球类运动时,则不用定冠词 如:
   play football  play basketball  play baseball
5. if引导的条件状语从句,主句用一般将来时,
从句用一般现在时代替将来时 如:
  If you don’t hurry up, you’ll be late.如果你不快点,你将会迟到
6. if you have any idea== if you know 如果你知道
7. on 关于(学术,科目)
8. try to do sth. 尝试做某事 如:I try to climb the tree. 我尝试爬树。
9. because of , because
   because of + 名词/代词/名词性短语
   because + 从句  如:
  I do it because I like it. 我做这件事是因为我喜欢。
    I had to move because of my job. 因为工作的原因我得搬家。
10. own v.-owner n.  listen v.-listener n.  learn v.-learner n.
11. catch a bus 赶公车
12.  neighbor 邻居 指人
     neighborhood 邻居 指地区也可指附近地区的人 
13. local 当地的 如:local teacher 当地的教师
14. noise  n. 噪音 是个可数名词 noises
15. call the police 报警 如:Quick! Call the police! 快!叫警察!
16. anything strange 一些奇怪的东西
当形容词修饰something, anything, nothing, everything等不定代词时,放在这些词的后面
17. there be sb./ sth. doing 如:There is a cat eating fish.
 There must be something visiting our home.
18. escape from …从哪里逃跑出来 如:
    He escaped from the burning building. 他从燃烧的大概中逃出来。
19. an ocean of + 名词 极多的,用不尽的 如:an ocean of energy.
20. unhappy 不高兴的 反义词 happy 高兴的
21. final adj. 最后的 finally adv. 最后地
22. dishonest 不诚实的 反义词 honest 诚实的。
23. get on 上车         get off 下车 
24. use up 用光、用完如:They have used up all the money.他们已经用完了所有的钱。
25. attempt to do 试图 
如:The boys attempted to leave for Beijing. 男孩子们试图想去北京。
26. wake 动词 唤醒 常用的词组:wake up 意为醒来 如:
  Please wake me up at 8 o’clock. 请在8点钟叫醒我。
27.  look for 寻找 指过程
find 找 指结果  如:
  I am looking for a pen. 我正在找一支笔。(指找的过程)
  I found my pen just now. 我刚刚找到了我的笔。(指找的结果)
28.  hear 听 指听的结果
listen 听 指听的过程 如:
  Did you hear ? 你听到了吗?(指听的结果,听或没听到)
  I often listen to the music. 我经常听音乐。(指听的过程)
29. try one’s best to do sth. 尽某人的最大努力去做某事 如:
  He tried his best to run. 他尽他的最大努力去跑。
30. 名词所有格 
 ①是在名词后面加 ’s 或是以s结尾 的名词,只在名词的后面加 ’
如:Ann’s book 安的书, our teachers’ office我们老师们的办公室
    注:双方共有的所有格,只在后面一个名词加’s, 如:
  Lily and Lucy’s father 莉莉和露西的爸爸(她们的爸爸是同一个人)
 ②有…of …介词短语表示无生命东西的所有格 如:
   a picture of my family 我家人的相片 
  有时也有’s表示无生命的东西的所有格 如:
   today’s newspaper,  the city’s name
九年级英语Unit 6 定语从句   参看课本P143
1. prefer动词  更喜欢 宁愿
   prefer sth. 更喜欢某事 I prefer English. 我更喜欢英语。
   prefer doing/ to do 宁愿做某事 I prefer sitting/ to sit.我宁愿坐着。
   prefer sth to sth. 同…相比更喜欢… I prefer dogs to cats.
   prefer doing to doing 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事
I prefer walking to sitting. 我宁愿走路也不愿坐着。
2. along with 伴随…  同… 一道
  I will go along with you. 我同你一道去。
  I sing along with music. 我伴随着音乐唱歌。
3. dance to sth. 随着…跳舞
  She likes dancing to the music. 她喜欢随着音乐而跳舞。
4. different kinds of 各种各样different kinds of clothes 各种各样的衣服
5. music n. 音乐 musician n. 音乐家 musical
6. take … to … 带…去…. 如:
  My father often takes me to the park. 我的爸爸经常带我去公园。
  Please take this box to my office. 请拿这个盒子到我的办公室。
7. remind sb. of  sb./sth. 提醒 使…记起….
  This song reminds him of his mother. 这首歌使他记起了他的妈妈。
8. clear adj. 清楚的,清澈的   clearly  adv. 清楚地
9. be important to sb. 对…重要
  be important for sb. to do. 做某事对某人很重要
10. unfortunately adv. 不幸运地    fortunately adv. 幸运地
11. look for 寻找
  My pen is lost. Could you help me look for it?
12. though == although 作连词  虽然,尽管
放在句子中间/句首,不能和but 连用
Though it was very late, he went on working. 虽然很晚了,但他还在工作
Mr. Smith , though he was young, did it very well.
13. fun n. 有趣   funny adj. 有趣的
14. be sure to do 一定做某事 肯定做某事 如:
   It is sure to snow. 肯定要下雪
   Be sure not to forget it. 千万不要忘记呀!
15. known adj. 有名的 著名的  know v. 知道 认识
16. on display 展览
17. over the years 很多年来,常与现在完成时连用如:
    Over the years, they’ve planted many trees on the hills.
18. energy n. 活力  energetic adj. 有活力的
19. most of … …的大多数
20. keep healthy 保持健康
21. get together 聚在一起
22. discuss v. 讨论 discussion n. 讨论
23. be bad for sth. 对…有坏处的
   be bad for doing sth. 做…有坏处
24. for example 例如
25. take care of === look after 照顾 关心 如:
   She often takes care of / looks after her son.
26. stay away from 远离… 如:
    Stay away from me , I have a cold. 请远离我,我得了感冒
27. to be honest 老实说 如:
   To be honest I really like flowers. 老实说我真的很喜欢花。
28. dislike 不喜欢 反义词 like 喜欢
29. fisherman 渔夫 复数形式 fishermen
30. photography n. 摄影 photograph n. 照片 相片
photographer n. 摄影师
31. be in agreement 意见一致 常与介词on /about连用如:
   They are in agreement on that question. 他们对那个问题意见一致。
32. even if  甚至
33. mainly adv. 主要地 首要地  main adj. 主要的
九年级英语Unit 7
1.  tired 累的        tiring 令人疲惫的
    bored 讨厌       boring 令人厌烦/讨厌的
    excited 兴奋的    exciting 令人兴奋/激动的
    amazed 惊讶的    amazing 令人惊讶的
2. education n. 教育  educational 有教育意义的
3. 想要做…:would like to do
   想要…:would like sth.
   What would you like to do? 你想要做什么?
   I would like to visit GuiLin. 我想去参观桂林。
   What would you like ?  你想要什么?
I would like some tea. 我想来些茶。
Would you like to go to my party? 你来不来参加我的晚会?(表邀请) Yes, I’d love/ like to . No, thanks.
Would you like some tea or coffee? 你是要点茶还是咖啡?
Yes, I’d love/ like. No. thanks.
Where would you like to visit/ go? 你想去哪呢?(本单元的重点句型)
4.  go on vacation 去度假    go on a trip 去旅行    go on a picnic 去野炊
5.  hope to do 希望做某事 I hope to go to Beijing. 我希望去北京。
   hope (that) + 从句  希望….
I hope that I can go to Beijing.我希望我能去北京。
      I hope (that) she can pass the test.我希望她能通过考试。
6. I love places where the people are friendly. 我喜欢人们友好的地方。
 where 关系副词,引导定语从句
 where引导定语从句修饰表示地点的先行词如:the place, the city等
   That is the school where I studied 10 years ago.
7. 不定代词   参看课本P141
8. consider doing考虑做某事
  I am considering changing my job. 我正在考虑换工作。
9. cost (sb.) 钱、时间  The book cost me 10 yuan 这本书花了我10元。
10. in general 一般来说, 大体上, 通常
11. be supposed to do 应该做…. === should  如:
   Scientists are supposed to know a lot. 科学家们应该知道更多。
12. take a trip 去旅行
13. provide sb. with sth 供应某人某物=== provide sth for sb.
   如:They provide us with water.
       They provide water for us.
14.  how far 问路程 多远
     how old 问年龄 多少岁
     how long 问时间 多久 多长
     how often 问频率 多久一次
15. be away 离开 如:
  I was away 2days ago. 我两天前离开了。
    I will be away for a few days. 我将离开一些天。
16. inexpensive  adj. 不贵的  反义词 expensive adj. 贵的
17.  let sb. do 让某人做某事 Let me help you.让我帮你吧。
   let sb. not do 让某人不要做某Let us not laugh. 让我们不要笑了。
18. in the future 将来 
She will a good mother in the future. 在将来她将会是一个好妈妈。
19. 用to 表示 “的”有:
answers to question 问题的答案
  the key to the door 这扇门的钥匙
20. as soon as possible 尽可能的快
21. continue doing == go on doing 继续做某事 如:
   She continued singing. == She went on singing. 她继续唱歌。
22. according to 根据
23. be willing to do 愿意做某事 如:
    I am willing to help you. 我愿意帮你。
24. on the other hands 另一方面
25. hold on to sth. 保持,不要放弃
   Please hold on to my hand. 不要放开我的手。
26. come true 实现 如:
   My dream have come true. 我的梦实现了。
九年级英语Unit 8
 1.动词+副词 如:give up 放弃 turn off 关掉 stay up 熬夜
2. 动词+介词 如:listen of 听 look at 看 belong to 属于
3. 动词+副词+介词 如:come up with 提出,想出   run out of 用完,耗尽
  4. 动词+名词(介词) 如:take part in参加 catch hold of 抓住
1.cheer (sb.) up  使(某人)高兴、振作 如:cheer me up 使我高兴
  clean up  打扫   clean-up n. 打扫
2. homeless adj. 无家可归的  a homeless boy 一个无家可归的男孩
  home  n. 家
3. hand out  分发  hand out bananas
  give out 分发    give out sth to sb. 分….给某人
  give up doing 放弃…  give up smoking 放弃吸烟
  give away 赠送 捐赠  give away sth. to …. give away money to kids
  give sb. sth. 给某人某东西  give me money 给我钱
  give sth. to sb. 给某人某东西 give money to me 给我线
4. sick  adj. 生病的  作表语、定语
  ill  adj. 生病的    作表语 ,不能作定语
5. volunteer to do  v. 志愿效劳、主动贡献 
  volunteer  n. 志愿者
6. come up with  提出 想出 === think up 想出
  catch up with  赶上 追上
7. put off doing 推迟做某事
  put on  穿上 (指过程)
  put up  张贴
8. write down 写下  记下
9. call up 打电话
  make a telephone call 打电话
10. set up 成立 建立
The new hospital was set up in 2000. 这座医院是在2000年成立的。
11. each 每个 各自的 强调第一个人或事物的个别情况 常与of 连用
   every 每个 每一个的 一切的 则有“全体”的意思不能与of 连用
12. put …to use 把… 投入使用,利用
   They put the new machine to use. 他们把新机器投入使用
13. help sb. (to) do 帮助某人做某事 help him (to) study
   help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 help him with English
   help do  帮助做某事  help study
14. plan to do 计划做某事
   plan + 从句
   I plan to go to Beijing. === I plan (that) I will go to Beijing. 我计划去北京。
15. spend … doing 花费…做… I spent a day visiting Beijing.
   spend… on sth.  花费…在… I spent 3 years on English.
16.not only … but (also) … 不但… 而且… 用来连接两个并列的成分
  (1)引导以 not only …but (also)… 开头的句子往往引起部分倒装。
因此 ⑴Not only do I feel good but (also)…. 是倒装句。也是说得要
    ①Not only can I do it but (also) I can do best.
  ⑵Not only…but (also)… 接两主语时,谓语动词随后面的主语人称和数的变化 也就是就近原则 如:
  ①Not only Lily but (also) you like cat. 不仅莉莉而且你也喜欢猫。
  ②Not only you but (also) Lily likes cat. 不仅你而且莉莉喜欢猫。
     Neither… nor…即不…也不… (两者都不)
Neither you nor I like him. 我和你都不喜欢他。
     Either… or… 不是…就是… (两者中的一个)
         Either Lily or you are a student.
     Not only …but (also)…
     There be
17. join 参加 (指参加团体、组织)  如:join the Party 入党
   take part in 参加 (指参加活动)  如:
take part in sports meeting 参加运动会
18. ①run out of == use up 用完 用尽
I have run out of money.== I have used up money. 我已经用完了钱。
   ②run away 逃跑  The monkey has run away from the zoo.
   ③run to + 地方 跑到某地 
19.  take after (在外貌、性格等方面)与(父母等)相像
     be similar to 与..相像
     take after 相像
     look after 照顾
     take care of 照顾
20. work out   算出   结局
    The situation worked out quite well. 情况的结局非常好
   Have you worked out this math problem? 你已经算出这道数学问题了吗?
21. hang out 闲荡 闲逛
   I like to hang out at mall with my friends. 我喜欢和我的朋友一起去购物中心闲荡。
22. be able to do 能 会
   be unable to do 不能 不会
23. thank you for doing 谢谢做某事 如:
     thank you for helping me 谢谢做帮助我
24. for sure  确实如此,毫无疑问
    You don’t have money. That’s for sure. 你没有钱,这是毫无疑问的。
25. fill… with… 使…充满…  用…填充…
    She filled the bowl with water. 她用水填满碗。
26. like  prep. 像…
27. help sb. out 帮助…做事,解决难题(摆脱困境)
   I can’t work out this math problem. Please help me out.
28. train n. 火车
   train v. 训练
   train sb. to do. 训练某人做某事
   She trains her dog to fetch things. 她训练她的狗去取东西。
29. at once == right away 立刻 马上 如:
   Do it at once. 马上去做。
   I’ll go there at once/ right away. 我马上去那里。
30. one day 有一天 (指将来/过去)
   some day 有一天(指将来) 如:
    One day I went to Beijing. 有一天我去了北京。
    Some day I’ll go to Beijing. 有一天我将去北京。
31. specially adv. 特意地 专门地 特别地   special adj. 特别的
32. donation n. 捐赠物    donate v. 捐赠 赠送
33. part of speech  词性 词类
34. disabled adj. 肢体有残疾的   disable v. 不能
九年级英语 Unit9
1. 被动语态 
(1). 被动语态表示句子的主语是谓语动词所表示的动作承受者。
   (2). 被动语态基本结构:be+及物动词的过去分词
   (3). 被动语态中的be 是助动词,有人称、数和时态的变化。
       一般过去时被动语态为:was/were+ 过去分词
       与情态动词连用的被动语态:情态动词+ be + 过去分词
   (4). 被动语态中动作的发出者或执行者做介词by的宾语,放在句
末,by 表示“由,被”的意思
 主动语态: 主语+    谓语动词   +   宾语  + 其他成分

 被动语态: 主语+  be +过去分词 +  by +宾语   +其他成分
 如:      Many people  speak  English.

被动语态 English      is spoken   by many people.
2. 本单元要掌握的句型 见课本P69 中的Grammar Focus
3. invent v. 发明  inventor n. 发明家  invention n. 发明 可数名词
4. be used for doing用来做…(是被动语态) 如:
   Pens are used for writing. 笔是用来写的。
   Pens aren’t used for eating. 笔不是用来吃的。
5. 给某人某样东西
give sth. to sb.  如:I gave a pen to him. 我给他一支笔。
   give sb. sth.        I gave him a pen. 我给他一支笔。
6. all day 整天
7. salty  adj. 咸的  salt  n. 盐
8. by mistake 错误地 如:
  I took the umbrella by mistake. 我不小心拿错了雨伞。
9. make sb./sth. +形容词 使…怎么样  It made me happy. 它使我高兴
  make sb./sth. +名词  让…做…     It made me laugh. 它让我发笑
10. by accident 意外 偶然  I met her by accident at bus stop.
11. not…until… 直到…才做… 如:
I didn’t go to bed until I finished my work.
12. according to +名词  根据… 如:    according to an legend
according to this article根据这篇文章      根据一个神话
13. over an open fire 野饮
14. leaf  n. 叶子  复数形式 leaves
15. nearby adj. 附近的  如: the nearby river
16. fall into 落入 掉进 如:The leaf fell into the river. 叶子落入了河里。fall down 摔倒  如:She fell down from her bike.
17. quite 非常 adv.  与冠词a连用时,冠词a必须放在它的后面
             如:    quite a beautiful girl 一个漂亮的女孩
   very 非常 adv. 与冠词a连用时,冠词a必须放在它的前面
             如:    a very beautiful girl 一个漂亮女孩
    注:当不与冠词a 连用时,两者可以互用 如:
        I am very happy.=== I am quite happy. 我非常高兴。
18. in the way 这样
19. pleased adj. 表示外部因素引起人发自内心的欣慰和愉快
   pleasant adj. 愉快 高兴 指天气、时间、旅行令人高兴愉快
   please v. 使高兴 使同意
20. battery—operated  adj. 电池控制的
21. in the sixth century 在第6世纪
22. travel around 周游
23. more than === over 超过 如:
    more than 300 == over 300 超过300
24. including  prep. 介词  包括  可以与名词和动名词连用
   如: Six people, including a baby, were hurt.
25. have been played 被上演   是现在完成时的被动语态
   现在完成时的被动语态的结构:have /has been +过去分词
26. be born 出生  He was born in Canada. 他在加拿大出生
27. safety n. 安全 safe adj. 安全的
28. knock into 撞上(某人)
29. divide sth. into … 将…划分成..
通常指将一个整体分成几个对应相对的部分 如:
Let’s divide ourselves into 4groups. 让我们把我们自己划成4组。
30. since then 自从那以后  常与完成时 态连用 如:
    Since then, I have left Beijing. 自从那以后,我已经离开了北京。
九年级英语 Unit10
1. 过去完成时
  (1) 构成:由助动词had + 过去分词 构成
           否定式:had not + 过去分词   缩写形式:hadn’t
  (2) 用法
  (3) 它所表示的时间是“过去的过去”。
①表示过去某一时间可用by, before 等构成的短语来表示
②也可以用when, before, after 等引导的时间状语从句来表示
When I got there, you had already eaten you meal.
By the time he got here, the bus had left.
2. by the time 直到…时候 
指从过去某一点到从句所示的时间为止的一段时间  如:
By the time we got to his house, he had finished supper.
3. 英语中表示“把某物遗忘在某处”常用 leave + 地点
而不是forget+地点 如:Unluckily, I left my book at home
.                     不幸的是,我把书忘在家里了。
4. close  v. 关   adv. 接近地 靠近地    closed  adj. 关的
5. come out 出来
6. on time 按时 准时 既不早也不迟  in time 及时 指在时限到来之前
7. luckily adv. 幸运地  lucky adj. 幸运的 luck n. 好运
8. give sb. a ride 让某搭便车  如:
   He often gives me a ride to school. 他经常让我搭便车去学校。
9.only just 刚刚好、恰好
10. go off  (闹钟)闹响  The alarm went off just now. 刚才警钟响了。
11. break down 坏掉
12. fool  n. 傻子 呆子  v. 愚弄 欺骗 如:
   He is a fool. 他是一个呆子。
   We can’t fool our teach. 我们不能欺骗我们的教师。(动词)
13. show up 出现 出席 She didn’t show up last night. 昨晚她没有出现
14. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某做事 如:
   My friend invited me to watch TV. 我的朋友邀请我看电视。
15. set off 激起 出发 set up 建立
16. ①so … that 如此…以致于
②so that作“为了”时,引导目的状语从句,从句常出现情态动词,
            作结果状语从句时,从句中一般不用情态动词 。
如:She got up early so that she could catch the bus.
       She was so sad that she couldn’t say a word.
17. flee from 从…逃跑 避开 如:
   They fled from their home. 他们从他们的家里逃了出来。
18. thrill v . 使人非常激动,使人非常紧张
   thrilled  adj. 指某人感到激动或感到紧张
   thrilling  adj. 指某事物使人心情激动
19. get married 结婚
20. convince v. 使信服  convincing adj. 令人信服的
21. land v. 着落
22. be late for 迟到
23. a piece of 一片/块/张 如: a piece of paper/ bread
                            一张纸/ 一块面包
1.宾语从句     宾语从句在复合句中作主句的宾语。
  ①由连接词+ 主语+ 谓语 构成
  ②由that 引导  表示陈述意义 that 可省略
     He says (that) he is at home. 他说他在家里。
  ③由if , whether 引导  表示一般疑问意义(带有是否、已否、对否等)
      I don’t know if / whether Wei Hua likes fish.
  ④由连接代词、连接副词(疑问词) 引导  表示特殊疑问意义
      Do you know what he wants to buy?  你知道他想要买什么吗?
    He says (that ) he is at home. 他说他在家里。
    I don’t know (that) she is singing now. 我不知道她正在唱歌。
    She wants to know if I have finished my homework.
    Do you know when he will be back? 你知道他将会什么时候回来?
    He said (that) he was at home. 他说他在家里。
    I didn’t know that she was singing now. 我不知道她正在唱歌。
She wanted to know if I had finished m homework.
Did you know when he would be back? 你知道他将会什么时候回来?
2. get  v.  得到、买、到达
3. make a telephone call 打电话
4. save money 省钱、存钱
5. ①问路常用的句子:
     Do you know where …is ?
     Can you tell me how can I get to …?
Could you tell me how to get to …?
②Can/Could/Will/Would you please tell me sth.
 ③Could you tell me how to get to the park?
请你告诉我怎么才能去邮局好吗?中的how to get to the park
相当于how I can get to the park(宾语从句)如:
I don’t know how to solve the problem.  ==
 I don’t know how I can solve the problem.我不知道如何解决这个问题
 Can you tell me when to leave?  ==
 Can you tell me when I ill leave? 你能告诉我什么时候离开?
6. 日常交际用语:
  take the elevator / escalator to the … floor.乘电梯/自动扶梯到…楼
  turn left / right === take a left / right  向左/ 右转
  go past 经过    go straight 向前直走
7. next to 旁边、紧接着  如:Lily is next to Ann.  莉莉就在安的旁边。
8. between … and… 在…和…之间
如: Lily is between Ann and Tom. 莉莉就在安和汤姆的之间。
9. decide to do 决定做…
She decided to go to have lunch. 她决定去吃午餐。
   decide  v.    decision  n.
  make a decision  做个决定
10. Is that a good place to hang out? 那是不是一个闲荡的好地方?
   中的to hang out修饰前面名词place,不定式作定语.
如:There are something to eat. 这有吃的东西。中的to eat修饰代词
11. kind of +adj./ adv. 译为“有点、一点”
如:   She is kind of shy. 她有点害羞。
12. expensive 贵的 反义词 inexpensive 不贵的
13. crowded 拥挤的 反义词 uncrowded 不拥挤的
14. take a vacation == go on a vacation 去度假
15.  dress up 打扮     dress up as 打扮成..
    如:He wanted to dress up as Father Christmas.  他想要打扮成圣诞老人。
16. on the beach  在海滩上 的介词用 on
17. politely  adv. 有礼貌地   polite  adj. 有礼貌的
18. depend on sth / doing / 从句   根据、依靠、依赖、决定于
   Living things depend on the sunlight.生物对阳光有依赖性。
   We can’t depend on his answer. 我们不能根据他的回答。
   That depends on how you did it. 那决定于你怎样做这件事。
19. prefer动词  更喜欢 宁愿  常用的结构有:
   prefer sth. 更喜欢某事 I prefer English. 我更喜欢英语。
   prefer doing/ to do 宁愿做某事 I prefer sitting/ to sit.我宁愿坐着。
   prefer sth to sth. 同…相比更喜欢… I prefer dogs to cats.
   prefer doing to doing 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事
I prefer walking to sitting. 我宁愿走路也不愿坐着
   prefer to do rather than do 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事
     I prefer to work rather than be free. 我宁愿工作而不愿闲着。
20. on the other hand  另一方面
21. 把…借给某人
lend sb. sth. ==  lend sth.to sb. 如:
 Lily lent me her book. == Lily lent her book to me .
22. such as 例如
23. I’m sorry to do sth. 对做某事我觉得很抱歉、伤心。
24. in a way 在某种程度说
25. in order to do  为了做…  表目的 如:
 He got up early in order to catch the first bus.
26. 等级/同级比较:as…as , not as/so…as
①as + 形容词/ 副词原级 + as  
    如: He works as hard as we. 他工作和我们同样努力。
   ②否定式:not as + 形容词/ 副词原级 + as
== not so + 形容词/ 副词原级 + as
      He doesn’t work as / so hard as we. 他工作没有我们那样努力。
27. hand in 上交
1. be supposed to do . 应该 如:
  We are supposed to stop smoking. 我们应该停止吸烟。
 知识拓展 表示应该的词有:should, ought to ,be supposed to
2. shake hands 握手  shake 本意是“摇动、震动”
3. You should have asked what you were supposed to wear.
你本应该问清楚怎么样穿才得体。中的“should have asked”是
如:She should have gone to Beijing. 她本应该去了北京。(没有去)
4. be relaxed about sth. 对某事随意、不严格 如:
  They are relaxed about the time. 他们对时间很随意。
5. pretty  adv. 相当,很=very She is pretty friendly. 她相当友好。
          adj. 美丽的     She is a pretty girl.她是一个美丽的女孩。
6. make plans to do == plan to do. 打算做某事 如:
 She has made plans to go to Beijing.==She has planed to go to Beijing.
7. drop by 访问 看望 拜访 串门
  We just dropped by our friends’ homes.我们刚刚去朋友家串门。
8. on time 按时
9. after all 毕竟 终究 如:You see I was right after all.你看,毕竟还是我对了。
10. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事 如: Lily invited me to have dinner.莉莉请我吃晚饭。
11. without 没有
12. around the world == all over the world 全世界
13. pick up 捡起 挑选 如:He picked up his hat. 他捡起他的帽子。
14. start doing == start to do 开始做某事 如
  He started reading.== He started to read. 他开始读。
15. point at 指向 
16. stick v. 剌 截  n. 棒,棍 
   chopstick 筷子 是由chop(砍)+stick(棒)合成,
17. go out of one’s way to do 特意,专门做某事 如:
  He went out of his way to make me happy. 他特意使我高兴。
18. make mistakes 犯错误(复数)make a mistake 犯错误(一个)
19. be different from 与…不同  如:
   Chinese food is different from theirs. 中国菜与他们的不同.
 <, , BR>20.  get/be used to sth. 习惯于…
get/be used to doing 习惯于…
      be used to do   被用于做…
        be used for doing 被用于做…
           used to do 过去常常做… 如:
I wash clothes everyday. But I’m used to it.
I am used to washing clothes. 我习惯于洗衣服了。
     The knives are used to cut things. 小刀被用来切东西。
     The knives are used for cutting things. 小刀被用来切东西。
    She used to watch TV after school. 她过去放学后常常看电视。
21. 我发现要记住每一样事是困难的。
I find it difficult to remember everything.
 形式宾语    真正宾语
  find / think + it/them +形容词 to do sth. 如:    I think it hard to study English.
22. cut up 切开 切碎 如:Let’s cut up the water melon. 让我们切开这个西瓜吧。
23. make a toast 敬酒
24. crowd  v.挤满  其形容词和过去式及过去分词都是:crowded
25. set n. 一套  v. 设置
26. can’t stop doing 忍不住做某事 I can’t stop laughing. 我忍不住笑
27. make faces 做鬼脸  
28. face to face 面对面
29. learn…by oneself 自学 如:  I learn English by my self. 我自学英语。